Credit: Forbes

The United Kingdom is home to 67 million people, 1 in 4 of these suffer from mental health issues each year.

This is a frightening statistic considering the increased awareness of mental health in recent years.

The term suicide can often be misunderstood, the UK’s definition of suicide is when a death occurs with an underlying cause of intentional self-harm or an injury or poisoning with undetermined intent.

Location

Jaywick has once again topped the list of the most deprived areas in England. Credit: Daily Express

The most deprived areas of England have a much higher risk of suicide in comparison with the least deprived areas. In the years 2017-2019 the rate of suicide in the most deprived 10% of areas in the UK was 14.1 suiciders per 100,000 which is almost double the rate in comparison with the least deprived areas which averages at 7.4 suicides per 100,000.

The North East of England had the highest suicide rate in 2020, seeing a suicide rate of 13.3 per 100,000. Over the previous 10 years, this area has had the highest rate 5 times, with an increase of 15.7% since 2019. The lowest suicide rate in England in 2020, was London, the capital city saw an average of 7 deaths per 100,000 which statistically is lower than any other English region.

From 2018 to 2020, Leeds had the highest suicide rate in the UK, with an accumulative figure of 273 suicides across the time period stated above. There can be many reasons as to why this is the case, but no definitive answer, there are plenty of health initiatives out there trying to decrease this figure and to help put a stop to people taking their own lives.

Credit: Psychology Today

Men and Women

From 2016 to 2020, males have committed over 3 times more suicides in comparison with women per year which is an eye-opening statistic, and one that authorities say needs a drastic change.

Why is this?
One common denominator that needs to be considered is the following: in a study performed by Kate Hunt (& Co) figures show 32% more females go and visit their consultant and receive advice/attention from a medical professional.

This could be why women tend to have higher diagnosed depression rates compared with men and why more men die with their problems rather than try to get their problems sorted.

Job/Salary

Credit: Mind UK

For women occupations with a high risk of suicide include nurses who have a 23% increase in comparison with the national average, primary school teachers who have a 42% increase and those in the culture, media and sports industry who have an increase of 69%.

For men, those that work in a low skilled labour role such as construction, the risk of suicide in comparison to the national average was 3 times higher, a standout figure. Both male and female care workers have a risk of suicide almost twice the national average. (Please note all suicide statistics are from between the ages of 20-64).

Suicide within the workplace is typically uncommon. There’s no simple answer to solving the suicide epidemic, but there are ways to reduce the astounding figures that occur yearly. Public Health England, Business in the Community and Samaritans are 3 bodies actively working to provide toolkits and support employers on how to minimise the impact of suicide if it were to take place in the company and how to try to prevent suicide from happening full stop.

Age

Credit: IIFL Insurance

2018 saw an all-time peak of 15-19-year-olds committing suicide with 5.9 per 100,000 people committing suicide. Children are essentially turning to suicide as an answer for their personal issues rather than looking for help and support. In the modern day world we live in, this should not even be thought about for those this young.

In regards to suicide by age, the highest suicide rates were found in people between the ages 45-49, with a peak of 17.2 suicides per 100,000 people in 2018. There can be a plethora of different reasons for this, job role, finances, family etc. Over the past 10 years, the 45-49-year-old age group averages 15.3 suicides per 100,000 deaths per year which is an astounding figure for that age group.

A common trend can be seen here with the 45-54 year old age group having the peak suicide rate in the UK. The graphs from ONS show a pyramid pattern with a gradual increase from 15 through to 49, then a gradual decline from 49 through to the 85-90+ age group where there’s a small spike in suicides.